Let’s get going now!
Step 1Prepare Your Rooting Medium
I combined two parts perlite with one part potting mix for African violets for this project. It ought to resemble a mouthwatering mixture of crumbled cookies.
Step 2Add Water
Just enough water should be added to the rooting media to allow you to clump the substance together.
Although others advise comparing it to oatmeal, I’ve never taken a handful of the stuff before. When creating the ideal sandcastle, it feels more like a fistful of sand.
Step 3Fill Your Pots
The rooting media should be poured into the two-inch pots (or whatever size you have). Make holes in the dirt by poking them with a pencil or another item of a comparable size. The leaf stems will be inserted here.
Step 4Choose Leaves
Take off the host plant’s mature, healthy leaves. These leaves have to be healthy and devoid of any pest or disease troubles.
To use as cuttings, choose leaves from the plant’s middle row. The youngest leaves are those that emerge from the core of the plant, while the oldest leaves are those that are the largest on the exterior. The best leaf material for cuttings is found in the center rows.
To prevent rot in the host plant, be sure to remove as much of the leaf stem from the crown as you can.
Step 6Apply Rooting Hormone
Be aware that rooting powder is a very mild irritation before we begin this stage. It can upset the stomach and irritate any mucous membranes it comes into contact with if consumed. Although they are not necessary, gloves and eye protection are always a good idea.
Dip each stem just a little bit into the rooting hormone. I’ve always dipped my cuttings directly into the hormone powder vial, but if you’d rather, you can mix some of the hormone onto a flat surface. As long as around half of the length of the stem receives a fine coating, you don’t need to cover the entire leaf stem in hormone powder.
You only need a faint layer, not more. Tap the extra powder from the leaf stem gently. A little rooting hormone goes a long way, just like soy sauce.
Step 7Potting Up the Cuttings
Put each leaf’s stem into the rooting medium with care. The rooting medium’s surface should barely touch the leaf’s blade. Rosettes of the new plant will grow from this region.
Step 8Add Support
Make sure the leaves don’t fall into the ground by using the plastic plant tags (or other support you’ve selected) as a stand.
There is a simple solution if the trimmed leaves are too tall to fit within the container.
Each leaf can have its top cut off cleanly, thereby removing the top half of the leaf.
Step 9Create a Mini Greenhouse
Fill the clamshell containers with the potted, soon-to-be-beautiful African violets. Make sure that all of the cuttings and pots fit within the container before tightly closing the lid.
The container must be able to close securely so that the potted cuttings are kept in a warm, humid atmosphere.
At this point, your main objective is to try to replicate the environment where Saintpaulia once lived. You can closely resemble the plants’ natural cloud forests by putting them in a well-drained rooting media and keeping them in a small greenhouse with some bright light.
Open the container every now and then to let excess moisture escape or to add more as needed.
Step 10Transplant Your New Violets
Your leaves should be turning into proper violets after a period of about eight weeks. They should have grown a few baby leaves at the plant’s base (really, they’re cute), and should be approximately two inches tall.
Transfer these plants into a container that is one size larger and fill it with the same mixture of African Violet Mix and rooting medium that we used for the cuttings.
Can an African violet be rooted in water?
You undoubtedly wish you could have a lot of African violets in your indoor garden if you love them as much as I do. The good news is that these gorgeous floral plants are simple to root.
African violets can be rooted in water using a leaf, which is the quickest and simplest method I’ve discovered. You can use a leaf from one of your own African violets or even one belonging to a friend.
1. Fill a wide-mouthed container with warm water close to the top. Make sure to tightly wrap a piece of plastic wrap around the surface.
2. Pinch a mature, yet yet young, African leaf. It should be in good condition—green, attractive, and undamaged. Leave at least an inch of the leaf stem intact when you remove the leaf from the plant’s base. Two inches are preferable. Make a straight, non-jagged cut.
Can an African violet be started from a cutting?
Leaf cuttings are a simple way to multiply African violets. Cut off a portion of a firm, healthy leaf using a sharp knife. Keep the petiole, or leaf stem, 1 to 112 inches from the leaf blade. Vermiculite and coarse sand mixed 50:50 with moisture should be placed in a pot. Each leaf cutting’s petiole should be inserted into the rooting medium at a 45-degree angle. Each leaf cutting’s petiole should be firmly encircled by the rooting medium.
Once all of the cuttings have been placed, moisten the rooting media and let it drain for a while. Next, put a transparent plastic bag over the clippings. Use tape or a rubber band to attach the plastic bag to the pot. The leaf cuttings’ water loss is significantly reduced by the contained habitat, which also keeps them from withering and dying before they have a chance to take root. Place the pot in a well-lit area. Normal root formation takes three to four weeks. In six to eight weeks, new plants typically sprout leaves.
At the base of each petiole, many plants typically emerge. Carefully pluck or cut apart the plants to separate them. Individualize plant care by potting each one into a container with a well-drained potting mix.
How are African violet cuttings taken?
The most common technique of propagating African violets is via leaf cuttings since it is both simple and effective. This project should be completed in the spring. Take a healthy leaf and its stem from the plant’s base using a sterilized knife or pair of scissors. Reduce the stem to roughly 1-1.5 inches in length (2.5-3.8 cm.).
Consider dipping the stem’s tip into some rooting hormone. Put the cutting in a hole dug in potting soil that is one inch (2.5 cm) deep. Water the area surrounding it thoroughly with lukewarm water while pressing the soil firmly.
By covering the pot with a plastic bag and fastening it with a rubber band, you can give your cutting a little greenhouse atmosphere. Just be sure to occasionally let the cutting have some fresh air. Keep the soil in the pot just moist and place it somewhere sunny.
Usually, roots start to grow after 3 to 4 weeks. In 6 to 8 weeks, new, little plants typically develop leaves. At the base of the cutting, many plants ought to sprout. Carefully pluck or chop away the young, little plants to separate them. You will receive a brand-new plant from each of them.
How long does it take for cuttings of African violets to germinate?
One of the most lovable houseplants, African violets pack a lot of beauty into a small plant. Gardeners adore them because they serve as inside reminders of spring or summer when the weather outside may be a touch gloomy. Every year, it seems like they want more and more of them.
By multiplying them, you can cut costs and advance your gardening abilities. Even novice gardeners can successfully produce an African violet, despite the fact that it may initially seem frightening.
1. Pick a Leaf
Look for a leaf that is strong and new, yet that is already affixed to the plant. Make sure the leaf is still vibrant and not wilted and tough. Maintain the petiole’s connection to the leaf.
Trim the top of the leaf blade with a razor or sharp knife as an optional step. By redirecting all of the energy away from leaf growth and back into the soil, this will promote the rapid creation of roots.
2. Trim the leaf petty
For optimal results, cut the petiole (the stem) to a length of between 1/2 and 1 inch. Make sure to cut it when pruning at a 45-degree angle to promote root and plant growth.
3. Insert your Cutting.
Use Espoma’s Organic African Violet Potting Mix to fill a small pot. With the aid of your finger or pencil, create a small hole. With the stem facing up, insert your leaf cutting and compact the dirt around it. To seal in the cutting, moisten the ground.
4. Make it Sunnier
Sunlight and humidity are essential for the growth of your cutting. To add humidity, put it in a transparent container with a lid or cover it with a clear plastic bag. Put this somewhere bright, but out of the direct sun. Look for a window with a reasonable temperature.
5. Plantlings Emerge
Here, patience is crucial. The roots on the petiole should start to form at around 3–4 weeks. Your new leaves will start to emerge in another 3–4 weeks. You must repot the sprouts when they have 2-3 leaves, which usually happens between two and six months after planting.
To grow your sprouts and plantlets into mature African Violets, continue to care for them. Espoma’s Violet will keep your mature African Violets content and wholesome! liquid fertiliser
Which is preferable, repotting African violets in soil or water?
While growing African Violets in soil avoids the need to plant them in soil, growing them in water is far more enjoyable since you can watch the roots and tiny plants develop up close. It is quite acceptable to inspect the plant to see if the roots have developed every 5 minutes. Don’t give up, though; the first symptoms of growth may not appear for some time. Even if you think the bottom end of the leaf looks a little strange, as long as the leaf appears healthy, you are on the correct route (almost like it would be decomposing a little).
Simply submerge your leaf (including petiole) in water after cutting it. Choose the proper container because the leaf shouldn’t actually come into contact with the water.
Room temperature should be reached by the water. Most of the time, tap water is fine, but you might choose filtered water if you think your tap water is mineral-heavy. Unless it gets murky, you won’t actually need to change the water too often. Refill as necessary, and after a few weeks, change the water.
Put your cutting in a location with plenty of indirect light, but avoid too much direct sunlight.
Now, just wait and watch. Depending on the season and the leaf, you should start to notice the first hints of roots sprouting after a week or two. However, it may take longer; these may take their time, much as the propagation of a ZZ plant may take some time. Keep in mind that roots may grow as long as the leaf is strong and healthy.
First Root after Two Weeks
Our leaf developed its first root! The roots hadn’t yet appeared on the other two. A few days later, the second one began displaying roots. However, the third one took an additional two weeks (this was an ancient leaf).
The first two’s roots are developing well. The third one does appear pretty mushy and brown in the photos, but it will still produce roots (soon).
All three of them eventually developed roots, and they are all becoming stronger every day! Daily new growth is apparent, making it a fascinating process to watch.
About two months later, the first young plants began to emerge (in what seemed like an overnight thing). Things will start moving more quickly from this point on because the roots are good and solid.
There are a ton of perfectly grown young plants present after another three weeks or so. It’s interesting to note that the oldest leaf, which took the longest to form roots, also generated the most young plants.
You can either plant your water-propagated African violets in soil when they reach this size, or you can put them back in the water and wait a little while longer.
Separate the Baby Plant From Leaf
Gently detach the petiole of the old leaf from the newborn plant’s roots. You should be able to remove the old leaf with your fingers, but if you feel uneasy or worried that you could harm the new plant, you can also cut it off. Use only sterile tools, please.
Put the young plant in the ground. You can purchase soil specifically made for African violets, but regular potting soil is also acceptable.
Place the young plant in soil with care, covering any exposed roots with earth. Do not completely drench the soil in water.
We like to place the baby seedlings into a bag for a time as the final stage in plant propagation. In addition to retaining moisture, this will deter any possible pests. Your newborn plant may appear a little under the weather for the first few days, but it should quickly recover and resume growing.
Are African violets a suitable fit for epsom salt?
Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilize your African violets with epsom salts. In reality, epsom salts only contain tiny amounts of the trace minerals sulfur and magnesium, which promote flowering in plants. Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertilizer for African violets.
In a watering can or pitcher, combine two tablespoons of epsom salts with one gallon of warm water. To dissolve the salts and blend them, swish or swirl the water.
Pour the mixture under the leaves of the African violet plant while holding the pot over the sink to wet the soil but leave the leaves dry. Before putting the pot back in its tray or ornamental container, let all of the extra epsom solution drain away.
- Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilize your African violets with epsom salts.
- Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertilizer for African violets.