How To Make African Violet Soil

  • Peat moss, vermiculite/perlite, one cup of AV potting mix, and one cup of peat moss

Commercial Miracle Gro Afrcan Violet Potting Mix

  • Use peat moss and vermiculite or perlite to lighten the potting mix if you want. You can also use the Miracle Gro African Violet Potting Mix, which is sold commercially.
  • Remember not to overfertilize if you are using your own fertilizer because this commercial mix also contains fertilizer.
  • Visit the blog post “Fertilizer for African Violet Plants” for additional details on fertilizing African violet plants.

Can I create my own soil for African violets?

For African violets, the ideal potting mixture enables air to reach the roots. In their natural habitat, the “This specimen is discovered growing in the cracks of mossy rocks in Tanzania’s Tanga area. This enables the roots to receive enough of air. African violet soil needs to be permeable to water, have the right quantity of water retention, and not obstruct ventilation. Some chemicals promote the expansion and vigor of roots. Your mixture ought to be fertile, permeable, and well-draining.

Sphagnum peat moss (not decomposed), coarse sand, and/or horticultural vermiculite and perlite are included in mixes that you can purchase. Make your own potting mix using any of the following items. Add one-third of coarse sand to an existing houseplant mix if you want to achieve the required porosity. You can observe that there is none “dirt added to the blends. In fact, many potting mixes for houseplants don’t even include dirt.

To assist with feeding your plants, you might wish to add some fertilizer to the mixture. Additional components found in a high-quality African violet blend are aged or decomposed bark, earthworm castings, or compost. Castings, compost, and decaying bark all provide as nutrition for the plants. For your African violet plant to be in the best possible health, you’ll probably want to employ additional feedings.

When purchasing one, wet it just a little bit before planting your African

Which soil type is ideal for African violets?

The best soil for growing African violets is well-drained and somewhat acidic. Specially formulated Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix offers indoor plants like African violets the ideal growing conditions. African violet pots, which are tiny (4 to 5 inch) ceramic or plastic self-watering containers, are the finest option for growing African violets. These pots will give plants the right quantity of constant hydration they need to grow.

What makes up the soil for African Violets?

Numerous African violet soil formulas can be found online, but almost all of them call for peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite. Each has a specific task to complete, and when combined, they produce the ideal conditions for your plant to flourish.


Hyper-lightweight perlite is made of glass that has been heated by volcanoes. This method of heating glass produces a popcorn-like substance that retains moisture without obstructing drainage. This keeps your plant moist without causing it to get waterlogged underground. The porous perlite gradually releases moisture into the air, increasing humidity and simulating the steamy, jungle-like conditions that your plant prefers.


The mineral vermiculite is flaky and frequently offered in pellet form. Because it is harmless and won’t decay or mold, it will keep pesky pests out of the container holding your plant. Additionally, vermiculite keeps potting soil sterile, extending the freshness of your African violet blossoms. Vermiculite also speeds up root growth and anchoring and helps soil retain nutrients like ammonium, potassium, and calcium.

Peat Moss

In mossy peat bogs, decaying plant debris is gathered to make peat moss. Over time, it keeps soil structure intact while assisting in increasing soil acidity. Similar to perlite and vermiculite, it may hold moisture several times its weight and release it to the plant over time. Peat moss helps reduce the process of leaching and maintains more crucial nutrients for your plant by absorbing water.

The Problem With Peat Moss

One of the most prevalent components in all varieties of potting soil is peat moss. Sadly, it’s not the best for the environment. Since peat grows slowly, harvesting peat moss depletes bogs that have been around for many years considerably more quickly than they can be replaced. Peat bogs serve as organic carbon sinks as well, and when they are damaged or lose their effectiveness, dangerous greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere.

Think about these more environmentally sound options to peat moss:

  • Coconut coir is formed from dried fibers obtained from coconut husks and is widely regarded as the greatest peat moss substitute. This substance is substantially more environmentally friendly and holds water at least as well as peat moss.
  • Wood fiber: With less harm to the environment than peat moss, bark chips and wood shavings offer the same advantages for air and water movement. However, to make up for the nitrogen that this medium has sequestered, you need use a fertilizer with a high nitrogen content.

African Violet Soil PH

The required amount of acidity is another characteristic that distinguishes African violet soil. The pH of typical potting soil is typically very close to neutral (7.0). African violets prefer a pH range of 5.8 to 6.5, which is somewhat acidic. Your plant won’t be able to efficiently absorb nutrients in typical soil.

Peat moss is typically used to reduce the pH of potting soil for African violets. When used with conventional fertilizer, coco coir has also demonstrated the ability to supply an adequate pH. However, if you’re using wood fiber, you might want to amend the soil with a light organic compost or a 15-30-15 fertilizer with a high nitrogen content to balance it out.

Making wicking soil for African violets: What are the steps?

  • The soil or potting mix used for African violet plants should be light and airy.
  • This includes either a soilless mixture made entirely of vermiculite or perlite or a light soil mixture made up of at least 50% to 75% vermiculite or perlite and 50% to 25% peat moss.
  • Plastic pots are best for African Violet plants because they are water-resistant. Although ceramic pots can also be used, I choose plastic containers.
  • Plastic containers that hold water enable for gradual soil water evaporation. Additionally, they are more enduring, lighter, and simpler to clean and store.
  • Due to their porous nature, clay pots are not recommended for African Violet plants since they hasten the water evaporation from the soil and pot sides.
  • Because of this, the soil in clay pots usually dries out, necessitating frequent watering of the African Violet plant.
  • Clay pots also rapidly absorb fertilizer salts, which causes mineral deposits to build up, especially on the pot rims. When in contact with the rim’s mineral deposit coating, this can burn the African violet plant’s leaves.
  • The wicks can rest in commercial reservoirs to soak up water, which are placed beneath the African Violet pots.
  • Using a plastic container, such a tiny Ziploc bag with two holes punched in the lid, is the more affordable option. There are two holes in the lid: one for the plant wick and one for air circulation.
  • The violet with the lid is used to snap-close the plastic container when the end of the wick, which was threaded through the lid, is extended down within the water-filled container.
  • You can also use the pipette to fill the container with water through the air ventilation hole without opening the lid.
  • Containers for butter, margarine, and yogurt can also be used as reservoirs.
  • Plastic containers can be punctured with a drill bit (3/16 inch diameter).
  • You can also use glass containers like the bell canning jars or baby food jars.
  • Sandwich bags or small plastic bags can be placed inside the glass or plastic jars, and they can be simply removed and changed when algae grows on them or when they become dirty.
  • Fertilizer can be added to reservoir water to maintain a steady feed of fertilizer, which is one of the great benefits of water-wicking African violet plants.
  • Depending on the size of the reservoir, the fertilizer should be added at a diluted concentration, either at half or quarter strength. at half the recommended dosage’s strength. For instance, if a recipe calls for adding 1/2 tsp to a gallon of water, use 1/4 tsp instead.
  • To prevent the reservoir water from getting too concentrated with fertilizer over time, a weaker fertilizer is applied.
  • Every 6 to 8 weeks, top-watering the plants is advised to remove any salts from the fertilizer that may have accumulated inside the container.
  • Allow the top soil to dry during this time by not refilling the reservoir or watering the plant for 4-5 days. Following a thorough cleaning, refill the reservoir with new, room-temperature water. Every time the reservoir needs to be refilled with fresh water, this can be done.
  • If you see algae in the water, it’s okay; other than an unattractive appearance, it does no harm. By adding an algaecide (Physan 20) to the water at the same diluted concentration of 1/4–1/8 tsp, algal can be avoided.
  • As previously mentioned, once every 6 to 8
  • Let the reservoir deplete completely.
  • then add more to keep the wick moist.

Are there any specific potting requirements for African violets?

Actually, there is no soil (or dirt) at all in a decent potting soil for African violets. A good potting soil will be very light and porous, enhancing aeration and maintaining the soil’s moisture level without becoming wet. Such potting soil will be mostly composed of sphagnum peat moss that has been harvested in blocks.

What is an alternative to vermiculite?

Vermiculite substitutes

  • Peat. Peat (sometimes referred to as peat moss) is a light material that retains moisture efficiently without becoming soggy.
  • Coir. Coconut husk dust is coir.
  • Perlite. Perlite is an inorganic material that is put to gardens to enhance water drainage and permeability, similar to vermiculite.
  • Sawdust.
  • Wood chips or bark from shredded hardwood trees.

Are African violets a suitable fit for epsom salt?

Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilize your African violets with epsom salts. In reality, epsom salts only contain tiny amounts of the trace minerals sulfur and magnesium, which promote flowering in plants. Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertilizer for African violets.

In a watering can or pitcher, combine two tablespoons of epsom salts with one gallon of warm water. To dissolve the salts and blend them, swish or swirl the water.

Pour the mixture under the leaves of the African violet plant while holding the pot over the sink to wet the soil but leave the leaves dry. Before putting the pot back in its tray or ornamental container, let all of the extra epsom solution drain away.

  • Since most plants don’t perform well with salt water, it may seem illogical to fertilize your African violets with epsom salts.
  • Epsom salts, when used once a month, can help your violets flourish and work well with your specific fertilizer for African violets.

Can I plant my African violet in cactus soil?

African Violets can also be grown on cactus soil. These soils comprise sphagnum peat moss, perlite, and peat humus, the same elements found in combinations created for African violets.

These components guarantee proper drainage while maintaining the ideal humidity level for African violets.

You should be aware that African Violets prefer slightly acidic soil, though. You can amend the soil with adding limestone to maintain the pH equilibrium.

Which types of containers do African violets prefer?

You want to plant some African violets in pots around your house because you are cultivating them. There are many various types of plant pots available, but which one is going to work best for your African violets?

I prefer pots with two layers since you can add water to the bottom of the plant without worrying about it becoming waterlogged. You can discard the remaining water until it is time to water the plant again once it has received enough to make the soil at the top of the plant moist. The flower will self-water itself if you leave a tiny bit of water at the base of the pot, which is a terrific tool to use when you have to travel and no one to water your plants.

You can select from a variety of materials, which include the following:

  • Clay vases Although these are not the prettiest pots, their high porosity can help your African violets drain their water.
  • Pliable pots
  • The majority of these pots are well-draining pots that your African violets will adore, but especially the ones with saucer bottoms. Just be careful not to let the plant’s base become wet.
  • Ceramic PotsThis kind of pot has two pieces, making watering simple. They are very vibrant, which can really enhance your growing area.