Can You Split African Violets

African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha), which have fuzzy foliage and cheerful flowers, give container gardens a year-round boost of color. Although they can thrive in a protected location outside in USDA plant hardiness zones 11 and 12, they are extremely cold sensitive and must be cultivated indoors in most climates.

The multiplication of African violets can be done in a variety of ways, including division and cuttings. The plants frequently produce numerous crowns that can be divided and used to grow new plants. More quickly than other methods, division propagation produces mature African violet plants. To ensure success, they must be handled carefully as they are prone to damage.

When should an African violet be repotted?

Every five to six months, or about twice a year, African violets should be repotted. When the plant has fully grown, this merely entails repotting it in a pot of the same size with some new soil. Use a pot no bigger than the plant’s root system at all times. This often refers to a pot no bigger than a 2 1/2 for minis and semiminis, and a pot around a 4 for standards. Your violet will eventually have lost (or had removed) its older, lower leaves, creating a “neck. Repotting is required to get rid of this.

With a first step, an African violet “neck. A “The neck is the trunk that resembles a palm tree and develops throughout time as the lower leaf rows are stripped away. The lowest row of leaves on a healthy violet should emerge from the trunk at soil level. The lowest row of leaves is well above the soil line and pot rim when there is a neck. This unattractive neck can be removed by repotting. The best results come from doing this frequently, roughly every 5 to 6 months.

Step 2: Remove the root ball’s bottom. Remove the plant from the pot and cut away the bottom of the root ball in a quantity equal to the length of the neck, for example, if the neck is half as long as the plant, cut away half of the root ball. Repotting is therefore best done on a regular basis, before the neck gets too long. For instance, in the most severe scenario, if a plant had a 2 neck, we would need to take 2 out of the root ball’s bottom. Nearly the entire root system must be cut out if the pot is only 2 1/4 deep! Repotting can be done with little to no root system removal and little to no negative consequences on the plant by doing it when the neck is still small.

Step 3: Replant the plant in the same size container. If the plant is mature, a larger pot is not necessary. The violet can now be put lower into the pot because a section of the root ball’s bottom has been cut away. The plant should be lowered until the bottom row of leaves is level with the pot’s rim (i.e. no neck will be visible).

Step 4: Include new dirt. Now that its lowest row of leaves is level with the pot rim, the violet should be lowered in its pot. Fill the pot with new dirt, filling the neck to the rim. New roots will grow into the extra soil from the neck.

The replanted violet is step five. After repotting is complete, the soil level and bottom leaves should be even with the pot rim and there shouldn’t be any visible necks. Give the plant a light watering and label the pot. This is crucial because the plant will need a little less water until it starts to grow new roots into the additional soil (it has a smaller root system). This is more likely to be the case the more extreme the repotting.

Other advice. The three most frequent reasons for ill violets among novice gardeners are probably improper pot size, bad soil, and too little repotting. Even though a tiny violet was utilized in this example, the same process applies to standard-sized types as well. Repotting doesn’t need entail placing violets in ever-larger pots; most standards (unless grown for show) are perfectly content in a 4 pot! Use only containers that are as big as the root system. The plant only benefits from adding soil if it can grow a root system big enough to use that dirt!

For the majority of growers, a very light, porous, soilless potting mix is strongly advised. When purchasing a commercial mix, consider the soil’s feel rather than the label. “The poorest soil combinations for violets are frequently African violet soils! Vermiculite and/or perlite should make up 1/3 to 1/2 of the mix in mixes with a light, frothy consistency. Do not mix soil that is heavy, black, or thick. A skilled gardener can produce stunning plants in nearly any environment, but a light, soilless mix is much more tolerant to over- or underwatering, infrequent repotting, and neglect.

How should overgrown African violets be handled?

Suckers, or young branch plants that develop from the parent plant, are produced by African violets. This is natural, but if your plant is using too much energy to maintain its abundant foliage, it may make your plant look less beautiful and inhibit blooming.

New leaves are produced during the lifetime of an African violet. Foliage from the parent plant may become overgrown on the plant as a result of this. It’s time for a trim in any scenario! Fortunately, African violets are simple to grow, so you may transform one anxious parent into a number of lovely plant offspring in either situation.

Pruning African Violet Leaves

Remove three or more of the plant’s bottom leaves each month to maintain it healthy. This facilitates new growth and allows the surviving foliage to spread out a little. When cutting the leaves, remove any dead or dying blossoms to release even more energy.

Pinch the stem where it joins the plant base between your fingers to remove older leaves. Use sterile scissors if necessary, being careful to cut as little of the parent plant as possible while removing the stem from the plant.

Pinch a few more leaves higher up the base if the parent plant appears overly lush but has no suckers. Every two to three leaves in each row, remove them while moving radially. After being clipped, healthy leaves can be multiplied—keep reading to find out how!

Pruning African Violet Suckers

If your plant has individual crowns or suckers, you can divide them into new plants while keeping the original roots whole. First, take your plant out of its container. Brush the dirt away gradually until you can see the distinct root systems of each crown or sucker.

Separate the separate plants, then put each one in a tiny pot with potting soil for African violets. Alternatively, you can put them in a tiny Ziploc bag to boost humidity and promote rerooting. The sucker plants will develop into lovely, mature plants of their own in around 4-6 months.

Propagating Leaves Without Roots

It’s possible for some suckers to grow right alongside the parent plant. Use a small pair of shears or a sucker plucker to carefully and at a 45-degree angle scrape the sucker off the stem in this situation. These suckers won’t have roots because they were cut from the plant directly. Give them support by using a propagation booster designed to promote rerooting.

After that, submerge the stem in lukewarm water (but don’t wet the leaves!). and after a few months, it will grow new roots that can be transplanted into a tiny pot with a Ziploc bag on top. Every few weeks, check on your plant, and if the dirt within the bag is completely dry, moisten it.

Note: If you are growing new leaves from individual ones, they will eventually develop into the newly established plant. Even though the original leaf may pass away throughout the process, your plant is not in danger of passing away.

a novice to propagating? We go into great detail in our guide on African violet propagation so you can confidently divide and conquer!

Can two African violets be planted together?

I have a beautiful decorative pot that I would want to place three small violets into. The pot includes drainage holes and is around 10 wide. Is this possible?

both yes and no. The violets can be placed in the same pot as long as they are otherwise taken care of appropriately. Watering should be done with caution because these violets will be grossly overpotted. Even while three miniature violets’ leaves could readily fill a container with 10 gallons of surface area, their root systems couldn’t. The amount of soil in this pot is significantly greater than the sum of the soil volumes in the three minis’ individual pots. Additionally, keep in mind that violets develop best when they are not forced to compete for space and are not crowded together. Plants must compete with one another for light, water, and nutrients when they are packed together, which can prevent leaves from growing fully or correctly.

If you still want to combine three violets into one pot, we advise keeping each one separate first before adding it to the larger container. Given that the individual plants’ root systems would remain in their appropriate size pots, at the very least, this will lessen the chance of overwatering. Additionally, doing so would make it simple for you to switch out one plant for another in the future, ensuring that the arrangement always looks its best. If you decide to plant a violet in the large container, using a trailing variety would probably be the best option. Trailing kinds can more easily fill a container with such a huge diameter because they are spreading plants by nature. However, they still develop thin root systems, thus the depth of the container can be a problem. Fill the bottom of the container with very porous, well-draining material, such as perlite, if it is deeper than a few inches. This size container would be filled the fastest and most easily by a standard-size trailing variety, which is also the easiest to produce. Although it would take much longer, micro and semiminiature trailers would also expand to fit the container.

When African violets are in bloom, can you repot them?

It’s time for a haircut after you’ve given your roots some tender loving care. By removing any damaged or dying leaves, you can give your plant more energy so it can reroot. Trimming uneven leaves and satellite suckers now is an excellent idea because African violets typically develop irregularly.

The More, the Merrier: Healthy leaves and suckers don’t necessarily have to go extinct as a result of this. Try your hand at African violet propagation—simple! it’s

Can you repot an African violet when it’s blooming?

The stress of moving is enough! Before you repot, we advise waiting for a blossoming lull. That being said, it’s acceptable to repot your plant when it is in bloom if it has tightly tied roots or is in danger of topple. To allow your plant more energy to heal, some experts advise cutting off any existing blossoms (don’t worry, it’ll recover!).

Repot Your African Violet

The root ball should be placed on top of a thin layer of dirt in the pot. Just enough should be covered and patted down to stabilize the area up to the base of the leaves. (Stay loose!) Put your plant in a saucer of water and let it soak up as much as it wants.

What is the best soil for an African violet?

African violets want light, somewhat acidic soil; a typical mix won’t work for them. To understand everything there is to know about the ideal mixture, read our guide to African violet potting mix.

How do I repot an African violet with a neck?

African violets produce new leaves all the way out from the crown. Older leaves at the bottom eventually wither and drop off, perhaps leaving a neck that resembles a tree trunk. Though it’s a simple remedy, this can make your plant more prone to tipping over. As usual, repot your plant, but switch to a deeper container. The bare neck is completely covered in soil, down to the base of the leaves.

Optional Aftercare

After repotting, think about putting your African violet in a transparent plastic bag for a week. This increases humidity, providing your plant a little more fuel. Just watch out that the leaves don’t get crushed or damaged by the bag or container. To ensure that you don’t forget when you last repotted a plant, we also advise writing the date on a paper plant tag.

How is an African violet kept from blooming?

The vibrant African violet blossoms are particularly lovely. They’ll provide color right away to any space.

Even during the gloomier winter months, they have a reputation for continuing to bloom. Place them around the house so you may enjoy their vibrant hues and plush textures all year long.

Once you establish a routine for caring for African violets, you’ll discover that they expand with ease. But unless all of their fundamental requirements are satisfied, they won’t develop. Give them the proper temperature, light, and nourishment, and you’ll start to bloom right away!

How to Choose and Take Care of African Violets:

1. Start out strong. Select a plant with the desired blossom color and vivid emerald foliage. Make sure the pot has openings for drainage.

2. The ideal lighting. African violets frequently don’t blossom because they don’t receive enough light. Because direct sunlight can burn the leaves, African violets require indirect light. For optimal results, pick a window that faces north or east. Keep plants away from cold glass, and turn the container once every week to ensure that all the leaves get enough light. African violets can be grown under a grow lamp to extend the day throughout the winter.

3. Remain cozy. The most comfortable temperatures for most people are between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night.

4. Subsurface water. Water should be at normal temperature to fill the saucer. Pour off any extra water after letting it settle for about an hour. Between waterings, let the plant dry out completely.

5. Use the new liquid Violet from Espoma to fertilize! Every two to four weeks in the spring, summer, and fall, indoor houseplant food.

6. Be thoughtful before replanting. Only when a plant is root-bound will an African violet bloom. Use organic potting soil designed exclusively for African violets, such as Espoma’s African Violet Mix, when it comes time to repot your plants. Choose a pot that is about a third the diameter of their leaf spread in diameter because they flower best in compact pots.

Are African violets watered from the bottom?

Use only water that is room temperature because African violets are sensitive to temperature. Avoid soaking the plant’s fuzzy leaves or stem since water might get trapped there and lead to rot or fungus.

Watering an African violet plant is most effective when done from the bottom up. For 30 minutes, submerge your plant in a small tray of water and let the soil absorb the moisture through the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot. To prevent the roots from being soaked in water, let the pot drain in your kitchen sink or bathtub once the allotted time has passed. This will prevent root rot.

When 25% of the soil volume has dried out, Pangborn advises watering to maintain the soil continuously moist.